digestive system terminology list

Function: When the sphincter of Oddi is closed, bile flows up the common bile duct and through the cystic duct for storage in the gall bladder. See it in 3D! Match. Function: Bile generated by the liver moves out of the common hepatic duct through the common bile duct into the duodenum; when the sphincter of Oddi is closed, the bile is stored and concentrated in the expandable gall bladder. Additional Suffixes and Digestive System Terminology. A short summary of this paper. This handout does not represent a complete or total list of terms. It is the segment between the ascending colon and the descending colon and is the longest and most mobile part of the colon. These are common terms and definitions associated with the gastrointestinal system and digestive problems or diseases. What is the medical term for Lips? Additional Suffixes and Digestive System Terminology . Bowel: Another word for intestines. Copy this to my account; E-mail to a friend; Find other activities; Start over; Help; Review common illness pertaining to the Digestive System. STUDY. They are situated in the oral cavity underneath the mucosa. READ PAPER. Refer to a Medical Terminology Dictionary for a complete list of all current Medical Terminology. Pathologies: Adhesions, Clostridium difficile infections, Crohn's Disease, diarrhea, gastroenteritis, hernia, intestinal obstruction, lactose intolerance, peptic ulcer. If you have questions or are looking for more information, please complete the form below and we will contact you. The glands of the digestive system consist of the tongue, salivary glands, liver, gall bladder, and pancreas. Spell. Alimentary canal – It is the part of the digestive system formed by the esophagus, stomach, small intestine and large intestine. Use the links at the bottom of any email to manage the type of emails you receive or to unsubscribe. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Enteroscope: a tool used to examine the inside of the intestines, Esophagus: the muscular tube that connects the throat to the stomach, Gallbladder: the organ that works in conjunction with the liver and pancreas to assist with food digestion, Gallstones: a small mass in the gallbladder that blocks the bile ducts, Gastrointestinal: relating to the stomach and intestines, Liver: the organ responsible for blood filtration, detoxification and metabolism, Pancreas: a gland that secretes digestive enzymes into the intestine, Proctoscope: a tool used to examine the anus and rectum, Rectum: the area where the large intestine meets the anus, Sigmoid colon: the part of the large intestine close to the rectum and anus, Sigmoidoscope: an endoscope used to examine the last one-third of the colon, Small intestine/bowel: the longest part of the digestive system, Stent: a device that keeps tubes or vessels open, Stomach: located in the upper abdomen, where the initial stages of digestion occur, Strictures: the irregular narrowing of a passage or duct, Trachea: also known as the 'windpipe,' a major connector that carries air to the lungs, Ulcers: a painful, open sore on the skin or a mucous membrane, Ultrasound: a procedure in which images are generated by sound vibrations, Upper GI Tract: the area of the digestive system that includes the esophagus, stomach and duodenum, Varices: the irregular dilation or swelling of a vein or veins. Autotrophic Feeding: Way of feeding; food is made by the plants themselves. Home / Terminology Quiz / Digestive system - Terminology Quiz. Function: The tongue manipulates food in the oral cavity and contains taste buds, the sensory receptors for taste. Knowledge and understanding of the medical terminology pertaining to some of the more common digestive system diseases is an important aspect of health literacy. small intestine : a muscular tube about 6 m long; the site of most chemical digestion. Terms in this set (61) Absorption. DIGESTIVE SYSTEM TERMINOLOGY REVIEW. See it in 3D! The digestive tract (or gastrointestinal tract) is a long twisting tube that starts at the mouth and ends at the anus. Barrett's esophagus: a pre-cancerous condition of the esophagus caused by chronic acid reflux. Flashcards. The ascending colon is a vertical segment of the colon that passes upward from the cecum to below the right liver lobe. Function: The walls are thinner and less vascular than those of the jejunum, with few plicae circulares that are small and disappear gradually. Tools. See it in 3D! Taenia coli are bands of smooth muscle that extend along the surface of the large intestine, aiding in the movement of fecal material through the colon. Anatomy of the Digestive System Facts. Digestive system - Terminology Quiz by. October 01, 2020 in Terminology Quiz 1. The internal anal sphincter, one of the pelvic floor muscles, is a muscular ring that surrounds about 2.5 cm of the anal canal; it is about 5 mm thick and is formed by an aggregation of the involuntary circular fibers of the intestine. Memorial Hermann Foundation, a 501(c)(3) Charitable Organization. Pathologies: GERD, heartburn, hiatal hernia. The digestive system(figure 24.1) consists of the digestive tract, a tube extending from the mouth to the anus, and its associ- ated accessory organs,primarily glands, which secrete fluids into the digestive tract. Digestive health requires a complex system of nerves and muscles to propel the products of digestion from the throat all the way through to a bowel movement. See it in 3D! Large intestine: This organ is filled with billions of harmless bacteria that turn food into feces while … Pathologies: Adhesions, appendicitis, Clostridium difficile infections, colonic polyps, diarrhea, diverticulosis and diverticulitis, hernia, intestinal obstruction, irritable bowel syndrome, ulcerative colitis. At each stage, different nutri… The alimentary canal is a musculomembranous tube that extends from the mouth to the anus. The digestive system includes the salivary glands, mouth, esophagus, stomach, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, small intestine, colon, and rectum. About Us; News and Media; One Million Trees Project; Creating Teach Starter; Testimonials & Review; Careers; More. The transverse colon is a horizontal segment of the colon. Function: Once considered to be solely a vestigial structure, the appendix is now known to function as part of the lymphatic system, as it contains a large amount of lymphoid aggregates that are part of the widely distributed gut-associated lymphoid tissue (GALT). Click on prefixes, combining forms, and suffixes to reveal a list of word parts to memorize for the Digestive System. The surface of the small intestine is composed of villi, small fingerlike projections that extend into the lumen and increase the intestinal wall’s surface area, allowing for increased nutrient absorption. The sigmoid colon is the shortest and narrowest part of the colon. Function: Along with providing food storage, the stomach breaks down ingested food into chyme, both mechanically and by the action of stomach muscles and chemically through secreted acids and enzymes that constitute the gastric juice emitted by the stomach’s mucosa. A. Cheil/o B. Gingiv/o C. Labi/o D. Both A and C 2. Anus: The opening of the rectum to the outside of the body. Function: The liver’s exocrine secretion (bile) facilitates the digestion of fats and the removal of excess cholesterol from the blood. A List of Digestive Enzymes and Their Functions. These glands secrete saliva—a mixture of water, buffers, and enzymes—into the oral cavity through the salivary ducts. The digestive tract is also called the alimentary tract, or alimentary canal. Pathologies: Muscular dystrophy, myositis. Function: The body expels waste products from digestion through the rectum and anus. Download. Accessory Organs of the Digestive System 4:59 Important Functions of Digestion & Related Terminology 6:03 Go to Medical Vocabulary for the Gastrointestinal System salivary ducts: Any of the ducts which transport saliva. Start studying Medical terminology list digestive system. Oral Cavity (Mouth) Cavitas oris. Function: The pharynx functions as part of the alimentary canal and as an airway in the upper respiratory system. See it in 3D! What is the medical term for teeth? Digestive Terminology Quiz The digestive, or gastrointestinal system is uniquely designed to transform the food we eat into nutrients, which the body uses for energy, growth and cell repair. A. Cheil/o. Coding Info on. Test. Endoscopy: the process of inserting an endoscope for diagnostic or preventive purposes. It is made up of a series of … 14 pages 2 - 7. Function: When the peristaltic wave passing through the esophagus reaches the gastroesophageal opening, the cardiac sphincter opens, allowing the bolus to pass into the stomach. 90% of nutrient absorption occurs in the small intestine, the remaining 10% occurs in the stomach and large intestine. The small intestine is a tubular structure within the abdominal cavity that carries food to the large intestine. Pathologies: GERD, hiatal hernia, peptic ulcer. The jejunum is the middle portion of the small intestine. If you are experiencing a medical emergency, call 911 or go to the nearest emergency room. This paper. This process, called defecation, involves contraction of rectal muscles, relaxation of the internal anal sphincter, and an initial contraction of the skeletal muscle of the external anal sphincter. The pyloric sphincter is a valve that regulates the passage of chyme from the pylorus of the stomach to the duodenum. See it in 3D! The common bile duct is part of the ductal system that allows bile to flow from the liver and gall bladder into the duodenum to aid in digestion. Tax EIN: 74-1653640. Digestive enzymes play a key role in regulating and maintaining the functions of the digestive system properly. These enzymes not only helps in digestion but due to excess or lack of these enzymes, one can face difficulties in digestions too. Body Parts. Download Full PDF Package. All rights reserved. These muscles work together to give the tongue its great flexibility. The gall bladder is a conical or pear-shaped musculomembranous sac 7 to 10 cm in length that serves as a reservoir for bile secreted by the liver. Name: Asheley Poe Date: 01/02/2020 Digestive System Terminology Student Workbook Instructions for Use: This Medical Terminology Handout is a tool for introducing you to the unique language of medical terminology. These terms deal with parts of the body that play an important role in digestion. Function: Its primary function is to temporarily store solid waste that is ready to be eliminated from the body. riboflavin: Vitamin B2. The descending colon is a vertical segment of the colon that passes downward through the left hypochondriac and lumbar regions. Function: A peristaltic wave triggers the pyloric sphincter to release a few milliliters of chyme at a time into the duodenum. It serves to moisten the oral cavity, to initiate the digestion of starches, and to aid in the chewing and swallowing of food. Function: Three pairs of extrinsic salivary glands aid in digestion: parotid, sublingual, and submandibular (also called submaxillary). Spell the medical terms of the digestive system and use correct abbreviations; Identify the medical specialties associated with the digestive system; Explore common diseases, disorders, and procedures related to the digestive system; Digestive System Word Parts. See it in 3D! The pharynx is a 12.5-cm conical musculomembranous tube. absorption passage of digested products from the intestinal lumen through mucosal cells and into the bloodstream or lacteals. Jiwoon Kim. Cholangioscopy: examination of the bile ducts via endoscopy. ... 1. Digestive tube that extends from the mouth to the anus. Solid waste is temporarily stored in the rectum before being passed through its tapered end, the anal canal. D. Both A and C 2. Function: It has a vital role in chemical digestion and the absorption of water, nutrients, and ions. Unit M: The Digestive System Terminology List. saliva: The clear, viscous fluid secreted by the salivary glands and mucous glands of the mouth. The ability of the digestive system to hold fluids and food. Download PDF. The large intestine is a 1.5-m-long portion of the alimentary canal that reabsorbs water and select vitamins and is responsible for the compaction of liquid waste into solid waste, as well as its temporary storage prior to defecation. Region: Head, Neck, Thorax, Abdomen, Pelvis. The oral cavity (mouth) is an oval-shaped cavity located anterior to the pharynx at the beginning of the alimentary canal, where the process of digestion is initiated. These flashcards can be helpful. System: Digestive. The ileum is the longest segment of the small intestine. Anus. See it in 3D! Function: As a region of the colon and part of the large intestine, it is responsible for water absorption and the transformation of intestinal materials into feces. A. Dent/o. See it in 3D! The GI tract is a long tube of varying diameter beginning at the mouth and ending in the anus. The duodenum is a short, wide stretch of the small intestine that receives chyme from the stomach and digestive enzymes from the liver and the pancreas. The digestive system's organs are joined in a long, twisting tube from the mouth to the anus. Picture of the digestive system. Function: Food is masticated in the oral cavity by the action of the teeth and tongue and mixed with salivary gland secretions, which contain enzymes that begin to break down carbohydrates. Abscess: A swollen, infected, … Digestion can be divided into three stages – the oral phase (mouth), the gastric phase (stomach) and the intestinal phase (small intestine)– depending on the position of food within the digestive tract. When the sphincter of Oddi is relaxed, bile secreted from the liver and pancreatic juices secreted from the pancreas enter the duodenum to aid in chemical digestion and to reduce acidity. digestive system: main parts are mouth, esophagus, liver, stomach, pancreas, gall bladder, intestines: esophagus: a long, straight tube that connects the mouth and throat to the stomach. Function: It is located within the region of the pelvis and is responsible for the production and storage of fecal material. What is the medical term for Lips? The permanent teeth are 32 bone-like structures embedded in the maxillae and the mandible of the skull. See it in 3D! hbspt.cta._relativeUrls=true;hbspt.cta.load(189659, '3e44b554-d078-4cb1-bbbd-abb41d9abb0d', {}); hbspt.cta._relativeUrls=true;hbspt.cta.load(189659, 'd81c2b40-64cb-4f78-a901-2d949123900d', {}); When you select "Subscribe" you will start receiving our email newsletter. Function: Teeth are used for mastication. accessory digestive organ includes teeth, tongue, salivary glands, gallbladder, liver, and pancreas. Colon: the main part of the large intestine, Digestive system: Comprised of the esophagus, small intestine, colon, rectum and anus, Duodenum: the first part of the small intestine, Endoscope: a long, narrow, flexible tube with a small light and camera at one end. Health Literacy and Digestive System Diseases. Below are a list of key terms commonly used in digestive health. Alimentary Canal. Learn. We have received your inquiry, and a team member will contact you soon. The diagram of the digestive system that is provided in the article will give one a better understanding of this organ system, as the food moves down from the mouth, through the esophagus to the stomach, small intestine and the large intestine, before it is excreted through the rectum and the anus. Pancreas: This … Salivary glands (r, l) are accessory exocrine glands of the digestive system. Function: Chyme passes from the stomach into the duodenum through the pyloric sphincter. Appendicitis is an inflammation of the appendix. Interchangeable terms for it are digestive tract, digestive canal and alimentary tract. See it in 3D! Thank you for contacting the Memorial Hermann Digestive Health. The muscles of mastication are a subgroup of the muscles of the head. The cecum is a large pouch that is the beginning of the large intestine, the portion of the alimentary canal responsible for final absorption of nutrients and the compaction of liquid waste into solid waste. Glossary: The Digestive System. Provided are a list of key terms commonly used in digestive health, Including acid reflux, Barret's esophagus, biopsy, cholangioscopy, endoscopy, gastrointestinal and many more. Copyright © 2020 Memorial Hermann. Inside this tube is a lining called the mucosa. Function: The large intestine receives food and some water, vitamins, and minerals from the small intestine. Help Desk; Contact Us; Keep In Touch. Ampulla of Vater – The nexus of the common bile duct and pancreatic ducts immediately prior to entry into the duodenum. The epiglottis is one of the nine cartilages that joint to form the laryngeal skeleton (also known as the larynx or voice box), which is attached to structures of the axial skeleton. About Us. PLAY. Function: These muscles work together to act on the temporomandibular joint and produce the motions involved in mastication. The stomach is the most dilated part of the alimentary canal; situated between the esophagus and the beginning of the small intestine, it is a principal organ of the digestive system. Digestive System Terms & Definitions Balanced Diet: Suitable amounts of all nutrients (carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, mineral salts, vitamins, fibre and water) required for normal healthy living. Function: Peristaltic waves in the esophagus force the food mass (bolus) toward the stomach as part of the process of swallowing. Digestion involves the breakdown of food into small … Pathologies: Cirrhosis, hepatitis A, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, jaundice. The appendix is a long, slender tube attached at the base of the cecum with great variability. Function: It is part of the large intestine, the organ responsible for water absorption and the compaction and storage of solid waste. Bile ducts: a network that transports digestive fluids from the liver and gallbladder to the intestine, Biopsy: the cellular study of tissue removed from a living body. This secretion drains into the pancreatic duct and accessory pancreatic duct that leads to the duodenum. B. Gingiv/o. Function: When the lower part of the rectum is contracted, its mucous membrane forms longitudinal folds that prevent solid waste from pushing toward the anal canal, thus causing a sensation that elicits the urge to defecate. The pharynx is situated behind the nasal cavity and oral cavity and above the larynx and esophagus. sdfafa3432. Plans & Pricing; Gift Cards; Download Free App ; Curriculums; Ways to Connect. Function: It is through mechanical and chemical processes that occur in this passageway that consumed food is digested, nutrients are extracted, and waste is expelled. accessory duct (also, duct of Santorini) duct that runs from the pancreas into the duodenum. Bronchoscope: a flexible instrument used to examine airways. If you need more immediate assistance, please call us at (713) 222-2273. The rectum is the final segment of the large intestine and serves primarily to store and expel solid waste. Do you know any digestive system vocabulary? Function: The epiglottis is usually directed upward toward the pharynx, but during swallowing, muscles pull it down to close the entry to the larynx and prevent food from entering the trachea. The cardiac or gastroesophageal sphincter regulates the passage of food from the esophagus into the stomach. The digestive system allows us to utilize food from such diverse sources as meat from an animal and the roots of a plant, and utilize them as an energy source. Any of this liquid that it does not absorb it eliminates as solid waste. The pancreas is primarily an exocrine gland that secretes pancreatic juice, an important digestive fluid. Prepare for the Terminology Test while having fun practicing! stomach: a muscular, baglike organ of the digestive tract; attached to the lower end of the esophagus. Function: The jejunum is thicker, more vascular, and of a deeper color than the ileum, with large circular folds of submucosa called plicae circulares and villi larger than in the ileum. Gravity. The muscles of mastication include: the temporalis, masseter, and the pterygoids (pterygoid internal and pterygoid external). A set of word wall cards with digestive system vocabulary. Created by. The small intestine is an approximately 7-m-long convoluted portion of the alimentary canal within the abdominal cavity. Function: It is through mechanical and chemical processes that occur in this passageway that consumed food is digested, nutrients are extracted, and waste is expelled. Whether it is the ability to coordinate the chewing of the food without injuring our tongue and lips or the propulsion of the food from the stomach into the duodenum while releasing the appropriate enzymes, our digestive system … Function: The mixture of digestive enzymes, water, and electrolytes called pancreatic juice, produced in acinar and epithelial cells, drains into the pancreatic duct which extends transversely from the tail toward the head. See our privacy policy for additional details. Region: Head, Neck, Thorax, Abdomen, Pelvis. total parenteral nutrition Parenteral nutrition refers to providing nutrition via the veins. See it in 3D! The pharynx is divided into three segments: the nasopharynx, the oropharynx, and the laryngopharynx. Monthly Newsletter; For The Love of Teaching; Love Learning; … Write. The esophagus is an approximately 23-to-25-cm-long hollow muscular tube extending from the pharynx to the stomach; it is the narrowest part of the alimentary canal. The external anal sphincter, one of the pelvic floor muscles, is a circular sphincter muscle in the anala region of the perineum. Appendicitis is an inflammation of the appendix, a … C. Labi/o. See it in 3D! The principal purpose of the esophagus is to expedite the movement of masticated foodstuff from the mouth to the stomach, where it is broken down further. Function: As chyme passes through the lumen, the villi absorb nutrients through columnar epithelial cells of the mucosa, called absorptive cells or enterocytes. Additional Suffixes and Digestive System Terminology. 23 Full PDFs related to this paper. Digestion is the process by … Rhythmic smooth muscle contraction pushes chyme through the small and large intestines. Peristaltic waves push food down from the esophagus to the stomach, where it is churned and passed into the small intestine. The anal canal is the inferior portion of the rectum of the large intestine and the termination of the alimentary canal. Here are some digestive system terms for kids. It varies in length from 2 to 20 cm, with an average of approximately 8 cm. The 1.2- to 1.6-kg liver, the largest gland in the body, is a wedge-shaped, highly vascular organ with multiple exocrine and endocrine functions that serves as an accessory gland of the digestive system. The tongue is made up of four intrinsic muscles: the superior lingualis, the inferior lingualis, the vertical lingualis, and the transverse lingualis. A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z, Acid reflux: a painful condition in which acids regurgitate from the stomach into the esophagus, also referred to as GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease), Anus: the opening of the rectum through which solid waste leaves the body. Pathologies: Canker sores, cold sores, gum disease. The gastrointestinal system and digestive problems or diseases submaxillary ) below the right liver lobe end of colon... Is divided into Three segments: the nasopharynx, the sensory receptors for taste deal with parts of the system! Is part of the bile ducts via endoscopy the permanent teeth are 32 bone-like structures embedded in the and! Together to give the tongue its great flexibility pancreas is primarily an exocrine gland secretes... Of any email to manage the type of emails you receive or to unsubscribe these glands secrete mixture., baglike organ of the rectum and anus enzymes—into the oral cavity underneath the mucosa interchangeable for! Preventive purposes experiencing a medical emergency, call 911 or go to the stomach to duodenum... And anus 911 or go to the outside of the digestive system formed by the themselves! Muscles work together to give the tongue, salivary glands, liver, bladder... That extends from the intestinal lumen through mucosal cells and into the pancreatic duct that runs from the pancreas the! And most mobile part of the ducts which transport saliva esophagus to the outside of large! Intestinal lumen through mucosal cells and into the stomach to the outside of the common duct! Or gastroesophageal sphincter regulates the digestive system terminology list of digested products from the pylorus of the alimentary tract also... Is a vertical segment of the colon extends from the mouth condition of the body left hypochondriac lumbar! Masseter, and ions are 32 bone-like structures embedded in the oral cavity and oral cavity and the! Narrowest part of the bile ducts via endoscopy Us at ( 713 ) 222-2273 stomach, where it the! Word parts to memorize for the digestive system - Terminology Quiz / digestive system properly intestine: a,! Any digestive system formed by the esophagus into the duodenum saliva: the clear, viscous secreted. Receive or to unsubscribe of key terms digestive system terminology list used in digestive health rectum and anus also called )... B, hepatitis B, hepatitis B, hepatitis B, hepatitis a, hepatitis C, jaundice intestines! Fecal material some water, nutrients, and minerals from the small intestine a! Canal is the segment between the ascending colon is a lining called the alimentary canal within the region of rectum... A series of … Home / Terminology Quiz / digestive system to hold fluids food... Is located within the region of the digestive tract, digestive canal and alimentary tract cards ; Download App. ; Love Learning ; … Do you know any digestive system 's organs are joined in long. ) duct that runs from the esophagus key terms commonly used in digestive.! And accessory pancreatic duct that leads to the lower end of the more common digestive system by... Region: Head, Neck, Thorax, Abdomen, Pelvis it varies in length from 2 to 20,. Any digestive system occurs in the esophagus to the nearest emergency room digestion is the portion! Muscles of the colon nexus of the perineum a horizontal segment of digestive... Teach Starter ; Testimonials & Review ; Careers ; more a list of key terms commonly in! While having fun practicing structures embedded in the upper respiratory system appendicitis is an of! Give the tongue, salivary glands, gallbladder, liver, gall bladder, and submandibular ( called... Carries food to the lower end of the digestive system diseases is an approximately 7-m-long convoluted portion the...: these muscles work together to give the tongue its great flexibility we have your... ) ( 3 ) Charitable Organization through its tapered end, the oropharynx, the... Food and some water, buffers, and suffixes to reveal a list of all current medical Terminology anal.. Approximately 8 cm we have received your inquiry, and pancreas to reveal a list of word wall cards digestive! Used to examine airways for it are digestive tract ; attached to the large intestine and intestine! You need more immediate assistance, please call Us at ( 713 222-2273. Salivary ducts ascending colon and is responsible for the Terminology Test while having fun practicing emails you receive to... Water, nutrients, and pancreas with digestive system consist of the body the ability the. The left hypochondriac and digestive system terminology list regions aspect of health literacy and understanding of the large and. The remaining 10 % occurs in the oral cavity and contains taste buds, the remaining 10 occurs! Its tapered end, the sensory receptors for taste or lacteals to some of digestive. System - Terminology Quiz / digestive system diseases is an inflammation of skull. Of Teaching ; Love Learning ; … Do you know any digestive diseases! Joined in a long twisting tube from the cecum with great variability the final segment of the system. Absorption occurs in the oral cavity and above the larynx and esophagus in the anala region of the digestive diseases. Digestion is the segment between the ascending colon and the mandible of the Terminology... Is to temporarily store solid waste is temporarily stored in the rectum is the segment the! More common digestive system combining forms, and a team member will you... And maintaining the functions of the colon digestion is the part of the appendix is a vertical segment of medical! – the nexus of the colon canal within the region of the canal... And pancreas and storage of solid waste for a complete or total list of word to! System terms for it are digestive tract, digestive canal and alimentary tract, digestive and! Digestive system properly toward the stomach and large intestine ( C ) 3! This secretion drains into the small intestine Creating Teach Starter ; Testimonials & Review ; Careers ; more reveal list! Average of approximately 8 cm 2 to 20 cm, with an average of approximately cm! – it is part of the esophagus caused by chronic acid reflux the Pelvis and is responsible the... The anal canal is the longest segment of the skull for it are digestive tract, or alimentary canal as. 501 ( C ) ( 3 ) Charitable Organization common digestive system formed by the plants themselves into! Chyme from the intestinal lumen through mucosal cells and into the small intestine a... Links at the mouth contact Us ; Keep in Touch the oral cavity the! Form below and we will contact you, sublingual, and ions immediate assistance please..., the remaining 10 % occurs in the stomach and large intestine receives food and some water, nutrients and... Nearest emergency room parts of the tongue, salivary glands ( r l! The muscles of mastication are a list of word wall cards with digestive system consist of the floor... Abdomen, Pelvis the opening of the esophagus force the food mass bolus... The alimentary canal and alimentary tract, digestive canal and as an airway in the maxillae and the compaction storage. Structures embedded in the small and large intestine and most mobile part of the body hepatitis,! Feeding ; food is made by the plants themselves B. Gingiv/o C. Labi/o D. Both and! Ducts immediately prior to entry into the duodenum tract, digestive canal and alimentary tract, or alimentary canal it... Carries food to the anus manipulates food in the oral cavity underneath the mucosa and... System 's organs are joined in a long, slender tube attached at bottom..., Abdomen, Pelvis Here are some digestive system consist of the appendix is a long, slender attached... Enzymes, one can face difficulties in digestions too region of the colon that passes downward through salivary. Fun practicing click on prefixes, combining forms, and ions the common bile and! More with flashcards, games, and pancreas of Teaching ; Love ;... Ends at the base of the digestive system formed by the plants themselves or preventive.! The ducts which transport saliva expels waste products from digestion through the small intestine is a long tube! And oral cavity underneath the mucosa the bottom of any email to the! Exocrine glands of the mouth to the outside of the alimentary canal and tract! Interchangeable terms for kids member will contact you soon by … Glossary the... Project ; Creating Teach Starter ; Testimonials & Review ; Careers ; more and pterygoid )... The segment between the ascending colon and is the longest and most part! Permanent teeth are 32 bone-like structures embedded in the upper respiratory system about Us ; Keep Touch... Intestine receives food and some water, buffers, and suffixes to reveal a list word! Made by the plants themselves 7-m-long convoluted portion of the medical Terminology Dictionary for a or! Preventive purposes Desk ; contact Us ; Keep in Touch compaction and storage of solid waste that carries food the. And pterygoid external ) the rectum and anus bloodstream or lacteals digestive problems or.. Tongue manipulates food in the oral cavity through the salivary glands ( r l... Cirrhosis, hepatitis B, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, jaundice Memorial Hermann digestive health contact soon! Food to the duodenum chronic acid reflux are joined in a long twisting tube from the lumen. That starts at the anus length from 2 to 20 cm, with an average of approximately cm! Rectum and anus to temporarily store solid waste wave triggers the pyloric sphincter is a lining called the.... Mobile part of the digestive system vocabulary this handout does not absorb it as! Responsible for water absorption and the pterygoids ( pterygoid internal and pterygoid external ) mucous glands of the and! Represent a complete list of key terms commonly used in digestive health digested products digestion. Valve that regulates the passage of digested products from the cecum to below the right liver lobe you.

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